GST Composition Scheme

GST Composition Scheme

1. Who can opt for Composition Scheme

A taxpayer whose turnover is below Rs 1.0 crore* can opt for Composition Scheme. In case of North-Eastern states and Himachal Pradesh, the limit is now Rs 75* lakh.

As per the CGST (Amendment) Act, 2018, a composition dealer can also supply services to an extent of ten percent of turnover, or Rs.5 lakhs, whichever is higher. This amendment will be applicable from the 1st of Feb, 2019. Further, GST Council in its 32nd meeting proposed an increase to this limit for service providers on 10th Jan 2019*.

Turnover of all businesses registered with the same PAN should be taken into consideration to calculate turnover.

*CBIC has notified the increase to the threshold limit from Rs 1.0 Crore to Rs. 1.5 Crores.


2. Who cannot opt for Composition Scheme

The following people cannot opt for the scheme-

  • Manufacturer of ice cream, pan masala, or tobacco
  • A person making inter-state supplies
  • A casual taxable person or a non-resident taxable person
  • Businesses which supply goods through an e-commerce operator

3. What are the conditions for availing Composition Scheme?

The following conditions must be satisfied in order to opt for composition scheme:

  • No Input Tax Credit can be claimed by a dealer opting for composition scheme
  • The dealer cannot supply GST exempted goods
  • The taxpayer has to pay tax at normal rates for transactions under the Reverse Charge Mechanism
  • If a taxable person has different segments of businesses (such as textile, electronic accessories, groceries, etc.) under the same PAN, they must register all such businesses under the scheme collectively or opt out of the scheme.
  • The taxpayer has to mention the words ‘composition taxable person’ on every notice or signboard displayed prominently at their place of business.
  • The taxpayer has to mention the words ‘composition taxable person’ on every bill of supply issued by him.
  • As per the CGST (Amendment) Act, 2018, a manufacturer or trader can now also supply services to an extent of ten percent of turnover, or Rs.5 lakhs, whichever is higher. This amendment will be applicable from the 1st of Feb, 2019.

4. How can a taxpayer opt for composition scheme?

To opt for composition scheme a taxpayer has to file GST CMP-02 with the government. This can be done online by logging into the GST Portal.

This intimation should be given at the beginning of every Financial Year by a dealer wanting to opt for Composition Scheme.

5. How Should a Composition Dealer raise bill?

A composition dealer cannot issue a tax invoice. This is because a composition dealer cannot charge tax from their customers. They need to pay tax out of their own pocket.

Hence, the dealer has to issue a Bill of Supply.

The dealer should also mention “composition taxable person, not eligible to collect tax on supplies”  at the top of the Bill of Supply.

6. Composition Scheme GST Rate

Businesses/individuals registered under the composition scheme are required to pay GST at 1% to 6% depending on the type of business activity conducted by the registered person/business entity. The applicable composition scheme GST rate features equal SGST/UGST and CGST split i.e. 1% GST = 0.5% CGST + 0.5% SGST/UGST, 6% GST = 3% SGST/UGST + 3% CGST. The composition levy rates under GST are as follows:

  •         1% of the turnover for traders and other suppliers eligible for composition scheme registration
  •         2% of the turnover for manufacturers apart from manufacturers of products not eligible for GST composition scheme
  •         5% of the turnover for restaurant services
  •         6% of the turnover for businesses providing services/mixed services (other than restaurant services). This is applicable from 1st April 2019 onwards.

7. How should GST payment be made by a composition dealer?

GST Payment has to be made out of pocket for the supplies made.

The GST payment to be made by a composition dealer comprises of the following:

  • GST on supplies made.
  • Tax on reverse charge
  • Tax on purchase from an unregistered dealer*

*Only on the specified categories of goods and services and well as the notified class of registered persons with effect from 1st Feb 2019 but is yet to be notified. Hence, not applicable until then.

8. What are the returns to be filed by a composition dealer?

A dealer is required to file a quarterly return GSTR-4 by 18th of the month after the end of the quarter. Also, an annual return GSTR-9A has to be filed by 31st December of next financial year*.

9. What are the advantages of Composition Scheme?

The following are the advantages of registering under composition scheme:

  • Lesser compliance (returns, maintaining books of record, issuance of invoices)
  • Limited tax liability
  • High liquidity as taxes are at a lower rate

10. What are the disadvantages of Composition Scheme?

Let us now see the disadvantages of registering under GST composition scheme:

  • A limited territory of business. The dealer is barred from carrying out inter-state transactions
  • No Input Tax Credit available to composition dealers
  • The taxpayer will not be eligible to supply exempt goods or  goods through an e-commerce portal.


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